Causes of Bladder Infections

A bladder infection is a more specific type of UTI. It happens when your bladder swells and gets irritated, also called cystitis. Bladder infections are more annoying than they are serious, but they can lead to kidney infections if left untreated. If you think you may have a bladder infection, visit AFC Urgent Care North Bergen. Our doctors can examine your symptoms and provide treatment.

Causes & Symptoms of Bladder Infections

Bladder infections are caused by bacteria on your skin getting into the urethra. They are much more common in women than men due to sex, using tampons, or certain birth control methods. Pregnancy and post-menopause also create environments where it is easier for bacteria to thrive. In men, prostate infections are the most common cause of bladder infections.

Some common symptoms include:

  • Burning while peeing
  • More frequent urge to pee
  • Cloudy urine that may have a smell

If a patient begins to experience fever, chills, or vomiting, it is best to seek medical attention. These may be signs the infection has spread to the kidneys, or there are other complications.

Diagnosing Bladder Infections

Uranalysis is used to diagnose UTIs. They can measure whether or not white or red blood cell counts are elevated. A urine culture may also be used to help determine the type of bacteria. This can allow doctors to prescribe the best type of antibiotic to help fight that specific bacteria.

Treatment Options

Antibiotics are the most effective treatment option against bladder infections and UTIs. Depending on how severe a patient’s symptoms are, certain pain relievers specific to UTIs may also be prescribed.

At home, drinking plenty of water can help to dilute the urine and pass the infection quicker. Some patients swear by cranberry juice to help fight E. coli, as well. Caffeine and artificial sweeteners should be avoided.

Preventing Bladder Infections

To prevent recurrent bladder infections, certain lifestyle changes are recommended. For example, drinking plenty of water and cranberry throughout the day can help to reduce bacteria entering the urethra. Take showers instead of baths, and wear underwear that is made of cotton. Peeing after sex can also help prevent bacteria from getting into the urethra.

If you experience frequent UTIs, your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to take as soon as symptoms begin. There are also single doses of antibiotics to take after sexual activity in some cases.

Visit AFC Urgent Care North Bergen if you think you may have a bladder infection. Make your health a priority today.